The first presentation at the CBEHPP Workshop (25th May, 2017) was from the USAID funded INWA programme called ‘Gikuriro’, being managed by SNV. The presenter from University of Rwanda, Mr. Collins, shared the baseline study where 2,592 households had been sampled, 24 per village. They had found that 33% of the respondents had heard of CBEHPP in their village and that of that 86% were participating in CHCs. They found comparable levels of hygiene to those of our baseline: whilst 81.8% said they had a ‘handwashing facility’ of this number, 40% meant they had a ‘jerry can with water’, and 36% used a ‘common basin’, whilst only 8% had a ‘step and wash’… echoes of our own inkling that definition of term ‘wash hand station’ could have caused the IPA results for handwashing to be skewed. They found that 84% had an improved water source already, 56% were treating water, of which 90% meant they were boiling water for drinking. They found 52% had improved sanitation (meaning walls and floor and roof) … more echoes of a need for redefinition of terms. Incidence of reported diarrhoea two weeks before survey indicated 22% had had diarrhoea, whilst 50% had treated diarrhoea with ORS themselves. They recommended using more radio broadcasting to spread health messages and the use of the Umuganda (Monthly Community Service) to link with CHC activities.